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Tb eNEWS - 8 - December 2013 - newsletter cover
Tb eNEWS - 8 - December 2013

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TRANSBOUNDARY CONSERVATION >> Definitions >> Types of TBC
Types of transboundary conservation practice

The following terminology is proposed by IUCN WCPA, following the many years of study and debate:

1. Transboundary Protected Areas
2. Parks for Peace
3. Transboundary Conservation and Development Areas
4. Transboundary Migratory Corridors

 

 

1. Transboundary Protected Areas (TBPAs)

An area of land and/or sea that straddles one or more borders between states, sub-national units such as provinces and regions, autonomous areas and/or areas beyond the limit of national sovereignty or jurisdiction, whose constituent parts are especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed co-operatively through legal or other effective means.

A few examples:
Fertő-Neusiedler See in Hungary and Austria
La Amistad International Park in Costa Rica and Panama
Kgaladi Transfrontier Park in Botswana and South Africa


2. Parks for Peace

Transboundary protected areas that are formally dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and to the promotion of peace and co-operation”.

A few examples:
Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park in USA and Canada
Cordillera del Cóndor in Ecuador and Peru


3. Transboundary Conservation and Development Areas

Areas of land and/or sea that straddle one or more borders between states, sub-national units such as provinces and regions, autonomous areas and/or areas beyond the limit of national sovereignty or jurisdiction, whose constituent parts form a matrix that contributes to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, as well as the promotion of social and economic development, and which are managed co-operatively through legal or other effective means.

A few examples:
Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Area in Lesotho and South Africa
Pfõlzerwald – Vosges du Nord in France and Germany

4. Transboundary Migratory Corridors

Areas of land and/or sea in two or more countries, which are not necessarily contiguous, but are required to sustain a biological migratory pathway, and where co-operative management has been secured through legal or other effective means.

A few examples:
European Green Belt
Meso-American Biological Corridor