Decor image by Boris Erg
 - newsletter cover


New IUCN WCPA Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines on transboundary conservation now available online. Read the news here and download the Guidelines here.


TRANSBOUNDARY CONSERVATION >> Definitions >> Types of TBC
Typology of Transboundary Conservation Areas

The following terminology is proposed by IUCN WCPA:

Type 1: Transboundary Protected Areas
Type 2: Transboundary Conservation Landscape and/or Seascape
Type 3: Transboundary Conservation and Development Areas
Special designation that can be applied to any of the three types: Parks for Peace

 

Type 1: Transboundary Protected Area

A Transboundary Protected Area is a clearly defined geographical space that includes protected areas that are ecologically connected across one or more international boundaries and involves some form of cooperation.

Examples:
Lake Neusiedl / Seewinkel Fertő-Hanság National Park (Austria/Hungary)
Quetico-Boundary Waters Protected Areas (Canada/USA)

 

Type 2: Transboundary Conservation Landscape and/or Seascape

A Transboundary Conservation Landscape and/or Seascape is an ecologically connected area that includes both protected areas and multiple resource use areas across one or more international boundaries and involves some form of cooperation.

Examples:
‘W’ Regional Park (Benin/Burkina Faso/Niger)
Altai-Sayan Ecoregion (China/Kazakhstan/Mongolia/Russia)

 

Type 3: Transboundary Conservation Migration Area

Transboundary Migration Conservation Areas are wildlife habitats in two or more countries that are necessary to sustain populations of migratory species and involve some form of cooperation.

Examples:
Serengeti National Park-Maasai Mara National Reserve (Tanzania/Kenya)
Wadden Sea (Denmark/Germany/The Netherlands)-Banc d’Arguin National Park (Mauritania)

 

Special designation: Park for Peace

A Park for Peace is a special designation that may be applied to any of the three types of Transboundary Conservation Areas, and is dedicated to the promotion, celebration and/or commemoration of peace and cooperation.

Example:
Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park (Canada/USA)